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Social Determinants of Health: The Canadian Facts

This resource is available in English only.

Social determinants of health: The Canadian facts (second edition)* was written to spark research, advocacy, debate and meaningful action on the social and economic factors that shape the health of Canadians.

Stress and the social determinants of health

This resource begins by outlining the pathways through which adverse social and economic conditions give rise to stress, and how that stress in turn harms health.

The authors then explore the 17 social determinants of health listed below. For each, they consider how Canada compares to other developed nations, while also listing policy implications and identifying key sources.  

  • Income and Income Distribution
  • Education
  • Unemployment and Job Security
  • Employment and Working Conditions 
  • Early Childhood Development 
  • Food Insecurity 
  • Housing
  • Social Exclusion
  • Social Safety Net
  • Health Services 
  • Geography
  • Disability
  • Indigenous Ancestry
  • Gender
  • Immigration
  • Race
  • Globalization 

The second edition of this book includes comments about the COVID-19 pandemic as it relates to the social determinants of health in Canada. The authors have updated the original list of determinants, shifting language from Aboriginal status to Indigenous ancestry, including new sections on  geography, globalization and immigration. Finally, the second edition concludes with analysis of the welfare state.


  • By

  • Published

    Dec 31, 2020

  • Subject Area
    • Housing
    • Home Support
    • Mental Health and Wellness
    • Food & Nutritional Support
    • Safety, Security, Finances, & Personal Planning
    • Social Connectedness / Social Isolation
    • Education, Recreation, & Arts
    • Ageism
  • Audience
    • Service Providers (Non-profits, Community Organizations, Local government)
    • Government
    • Health Authorities
    • Academics
  • Category


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