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Evidence Summary: Enteral Tube Feeding for People With Severe Dementia

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Davies N Barrado-Martin Y Vickerstaff V Rait G Fukui A Candy B, et al.

BACKGROUND: The balance of benefits and harms associated with enteral tube feeding for people with severe dementia is not clear. An increasing number of guidelines highlight the lack of evidenced benefit and potential risks of enteral tube feeding. In some areas of the world, the use of enteral tube feeding is decreasing, and in other areas it is increasing.

OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of enteral tube feeding for people with severe dementia who develop problems with eating and swallowing or who have reduced food and fluid intake.

SEARCH METHODS: We searched ALOIS, the Cochrane Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Group's register, MEDLINE, Embase, four other databases and two trials registers on 14 April 2021.

SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs), or controlled non-randomized studies. Our population of interest was adults of any age with a diagnosis of primary degenerative dementia of any cause, with severe cognitive and functional impairment, and poor nutritional intake. Eligible studies evaluated the effectiveness and complications of enteral tube feeding via a nasogastric or gastrostomy tube, or via jejunal post-pyloric feeding, in comparison with standard care or enhanced standard care, such as an intervention to promote oral intake. Our primary outcomes were survival time, quality of life, and pressure ulcers.

See full summary here

  • By

    McMaster University

  • Published

    Dec 07, 2023

  • Subject Area
    • Mental Health and Wellness
    • General Health and Wellness
    • Food & Nutritional Support
  • Audience
    • Academics
    • Health Authorities
  • Category
    • Research & Reports
    • Research & Evidence


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