Dr. Hinshaw says it's contingent on the safety and effectiveness of the vaccines.
Should ongoing trials for two COVID-19 vaccine candidates continue successfully, Alberta expects it will receive around 680,000 doses early in the new year.
Speaking Wednesday at a press conference, Dr. Deena Hinshaw, the province's chief medical officer of health, said potential distribution depends on the safety and effectiveness of the vaccines.
"So all of those checks and balances must be cleared," Hinshaw said. "If that does happen, [there] is a per-capita allocation of vaccine."
Should all go well, Alberta expects to receive 465,000 doses of the Pfizer vaccine and 221,000 of the Moderna vaccine for a total of 686,000 doses.
Earlier this week, Moderna said its vaccine appears to be 94.5 per cent effective. That followed a similar announcement from Pfizer Inc., which said Wednesday new test results show its vaccine is 95 per cent effective.
The National Advisory Committee on Immunization has recommended that certain key populations receive the COVID-19 vaccine first, including those with high-risk conditions, health-care workers and those workers who cannot work virtually.
Speaking at a press conference held Tuesday, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said distributing the vaccine across Canada will represent a "significant logistical challenge."